Cha Tou 茶头 or ‘tea heads’ (or nuggets, lumps, etc.) is a well-known and readily available type of dark (shu) Pu’er in China which is formed spontaneously as a result of the action of pressure and heat on the bottom of tea piles during the process of ‘Moisten Pile’.
At the end of this fermentation process, the tea is sorted by size and quality. These spontaneous clusters of leaves from the lower parts of the piles, which are relatively larger and heavier than the rest, are then very easily sorted. Most Pu’er producers collect them in a targeted manner (sometimes several years in a row) and then sell them separately, in bulk or pressed form.
Yi Sheng Jun 益生菌: Tiny white dots that may appear in places have a probiotic effect and are a natural part of the processing process.